A precise description of each work activity specifying Cycle Time,
also known as Takt Time, the work sequence of specific tasks, and the
minimum inventory of parts on hand needed to conduct the activity.
Taiichi Ohno's original enumeration of the wastes commonly found in physical production. These are overproduction ahead of demand, waiting for the next processing stop, unnecessary transport of materials (for example, between functional areas of facilities), overprocessing of parts due to poor tool and product design, inventories
more than the absolute minimum, unnecessary movement by employees
during the course of their work (looking for parts, tools, prints,
help, etceteras), and production of defective parts.
Five S Technique
A technique used to remove waste associated with disorganization.
Five Ss - Five terms beginning with S utilized to create a workplace
suited for visual control and lean production. Sort means to separate needed tools, parts, and instructions from unneeded materials and to remove the latter. Simplify means to neatly arrange and identify parts and tools for ease of use. Sweep means to conduct a cleanup campaign. Standardize means to conduct Sort, Simplify, and Sweep at frequent, indeed daily, intervals to maintain a workplace in perfect condition. Sustain means to form the habit of always following the first four Ss. Some consultants include Safety as the 6th S.
Just-In-Time (JIT) /Kanban
A process used to eliminate inventory by using a "pull" system
versus a typical "push" system. Just-In-Time - A system for producing
and delivering the right items at the right time in the right amounts.
Just-In-Time approaches Just-On-Time when upstream activities
occur minutes or seconds before down-stream activities, so single-piece
flow is possible. The key elements of Just-in-Time are Flow, Pull, Standard Work (with standard in-process inventories), and Takt Time.
A Continuous, incremental improvement of an activity to create more Value with less Waste. Also known as Point Kaizen, and Process Kaizen.